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  • 吉林市十一选五走势图:备考2017:2017年英语六级考试改错练习题3

    六级考试网 鲤鱼小编 更新时间:2017-04-20

    时态语态和语气的使用错误
      1. 时态错误。 主要是指在一个句子中,出现不同的时态,从而造成时态不一致,如: He can't remember what he once knows.
      2. 语态错误。 在 cet6 综合改错题中最常见的语态错误是被动语态被误用为主动语态。不及物动词不能带宾语,因而也就没有被动语态。如: She was very angry at not telling the truth when she listened to the account.
      3. 虚拟语态错误。 此类使用错误在综合改错题中主要表现为主语和从句的语气不协调,如: We strongly suggest that Henry is told about his physical condition as soon as possible. 句中动词 suggest 之后的从句应用虚拟语气,故“ is ”应该 “ be ”或“ should be ”。类似的动词还有 demand , insist , order 等等。
      例 1 These newly wedded couples usually came here and meet 1.__________
      together to hold parties.
      由于前面的时态已经限制为过去时,而且 came 和 meet 是并列结构,两者时态应该保持一致,因此应该将 meet 改为 met ,或者将 came 改为 come ,具体情况依据上下文的语境时态而定。
      例 2 Computer analyzed marketing reports can help deciding which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future, and which to be dropped. 1.__________
      本句中三个平行成分 which products to emphasize now , which to develop for the future 和 which to be dropped 结构模式应该一致,均采用不定式主动语态,因而 to be dropped 应改为 to drop .
      例 3 In the first place, the scientist at once put some
      kind of material into the liquid which has already 1.__________ securely obtained.
      根据句子意思可知,此处的 liquid 不可能为动作的发生者,显然此处应该是被动语态,故应该将 has 改为 is 或者在 has 后加 been 均可,意思是指“已经安全获得的液体”。
      例 4 Did they gone there yesterday, they would have discovered 1.__________ the truth.
      根据句子意思可知,这句话是说如果他们昨天去了就会发现事实真相,然而他们并未去,此处是虚拟语气,因此应该使用虚拟语气的格式,将 Did 改为 Had .
      练习题
      1 These small households were portraits of
      independence: the entire family, mother, father,
      children, even grandparents live in a small house
      and working together to support each other. 1.__________
      2 In the meantime the unscientific world awoke
      to the fact that scientists are on the track of a great 2.__________
      discovery.
      3 For in 1895, the year of the Curie marriage,
      Roentgen discovered the famous rays that are 3.__________
      named after him—— he forerunners of modern
      X-rays.
      4 Mary hoped at one time to study at the University
      of Cracow, then under Austrian rule. But when she
      demanded to allowed to attend science lectures, the 4.__________
      secretary said that science was not a thing in which
      women can meddle.
      5 Many part-time stu dents expected to offered some 5.__________
      jobs on campus during the coming summer vacation.
      6 Many people who live in London think that life in
      a large city offered special advantages. 6.__________
      7 The changes that taken place in air travel during 7.__________
      the last sixty years would have seemed impossible
      to even the most Brilliant scientists at the turn of
      the 19th century.
      8 I regret having left the work unfinished, I should
      have plan every thing ahead carefully. 8.__________
      9 No bank kept enough cash to pay all its depositors 9.__________
      in full at one time.
      10 The Conestoga wagon, used for carry heavy loads 10.__________
      over long distances, originated around 1725 in a region
      of Pennsylvania occupied by Conestoga Indians.
      答案解析:
      1. working→work.此句总体上讲述的是这些小家庭独立的掠影,而后半句解释到这些小家庭的成员生活在一起、工作在一起的情景,应该用一般现在时,和live保持一致。
      2. are→were.
      3. are→were.
      4. allow前加be.“be allowed to do sth.”是“被允许作……”的意思。
      5. offered前加be.“offer”是及物动词,后面应该接双宾语结构,即“offer sb. sth.”而在该句中缺少成分而只有宾语补主语,应该将其改为被动语态,即“be offered sth.”
      6. offered→offers.
      7. taken前加have.
      8. plan→planned.
      9. kept→keep.

      10. carry→carrying. 

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  • 即有分期副总裁刘铮解读《中国新时代蓝领消费与成长白皮书》 2018-11-26
  • 回复@老老保老张工:计划不要批准?那不还是你自己做主?有必要走形式么? 2018-11-26
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